Does Dyslexia Count as a Disability When Applying for Jobs?
Dyslexia is a common learning disorder that affects an individual’s ability to read, write and spell. It is also considered a disability and can have a significant impact on a person’s life. The Americans with Disabilities Act protects those with disabilities from discrimination when seeking or maintaining employment.
In the United States
In the United States, an individual can request accommodation under the ADA if they can prove that their dyslexia substantially limits one or more major life activities including learning. Employers must make reasonable adjustments to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination, including those with dyslexia.
Applicants with dyslexia may also be eligible for protection under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This prohibits discrimination based on disability in any program or activity that receives federal funding, including in the workplace.
In the United Kingdom
In the United Kingdom, an individual may be eligible for protection under the Equality Act of 2010 if they can demonstrate that their dyslexia is a disability. Under the Act, employers have a duty to make reasonable adjustments to protect disabled workers, including those with dyslexia.
Tips for Applicants with Dyslexia
When applying for jobs, there are a few things that applicants with dyslexia should keep in mind:
- Do your research: Knowing the job requirements and your learning disorder can help you identify the accommodations you may need.
- Know your rights: Understanding the regulations that protect individuals with disabilities can help you better advocate for yourself.
- Be honest and open: Letting the employer know about your dyslexia can help them identify and provide the support you need.
- Communicate with the employer: Communicate your needs and be sure to ask what reasonable accommodations can be made to help you be successful in the role.
In conclusion, dyslexia is considered a disability under both the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Equality Act. In order to receive protection under these laws, applicants must prove that their dyslexia substantially limits one or more major life activities and request reasonable accommodations from their prospective employers.